percentage

Percents are a CONVENIENT WAY to EXPRESS a PROPORTION.

Calculating a percent may be extra work. However, once the percent calculation has been completed, PERCENTS are EASY TO UNDERSTAND.

how to work out percentages??

Comments for percentage

 Apr 02, 2011 Percentage by: Staff ----------------------------------------------------- Part II Fractions could be used instead of a percent. A percent is used represent a proportion. However, the most STRAIGHTFORWARD way to represent a PROPORTION is to USE a FRACTION. For example, suppose the first student in the example actually took a test with only 75 questions and answered 63 questions correctly. The proportion of questions answered correctly can be represented by the fraction 63/75 (63 correct answers out of 75 questions). Now suppose the second student in the example actually took a test with 150 questions and answered 129 questions correctly. The proportion of questions answered correctly can be represented by the fraction 129/150 (129 correct answers out of 150 questions). Which student is the best student? Compare the fractions. Which student has the highest average (which is the larger fraction)? 63/75 or 129/150? It is very hard to answer that question by merely glancing at these fractions. Writing fractions to represent a proportion may be easy, but comparing different fractions can be frustrating and time consuming. Using a percent to compare two proportions does not have this difficulty. Comparing two percents is easy to do. That is why a percent is normally used instead of a fraction. (However, remember that a fraction and a percent both REPRESENT exactly the same thing: a PROPORTION.) How to calculate a percent: Calculating a percent requires a small amount of work. Calculating a percent means the fraction (which represents the proportion) must be converted to a decimal, and then the decimal must be multiplied by 100. To complete this process: use a calculator or be prepared to do some division long hand. Converting the two fractions from to percents: 63/75 and 129/150 Percent – 1st student Proportion = 63/75 = (63/75) * 100 = (.84) * 100 = 84 % Percent – 2nd student Proportion = 129/150 = (129/150) * 100 = (.86) * 100 = 86 % Thanks for writing. Staff www.solving-math-problems.com

 Apr 02, 2011 Percentage by: Staff The question: how to work out percentages?? The answer: I’m going to answer your question with an article I recently wrote regarding percentages. I think this will probably answer your question. Here it is: Part I Percents are a CONVENIENT WAY to EXPRESS a PROPORTION. Calculating a percent may be extra work. However, once the percent calculation has been completed, PERCENTS are EASY TO UNDERSTAND. For example, suppose two students have the following academic averages: 84% and 86%. It is easy to see that (all other things being equal) the student with the 86% average is the better student. All anyone has to do is look at the numbers. 86% is a bigger number than 84%. 86% is better than 84%. Even if the person reading the two numbers (84% & 86%) has no idea how a percent is calculated, they still understand that 86% is bigger and better than 84%. What percents actually mean: I will continue to use the example of the two students who earned the 84% and 86% averages. For this example, the students earned their percentage scores entirely from multiple choice tests. (Students in the real world do more than just take multiple choice tests. However, for this example that’s all they do.) 84% means that for every 100 multiple choice questions this student attempted to answer, this student answered 84 correctly. 86% means that for every 100 multiple choice questions this student attempted to answer, this student answered 86 correctly. By now you are probably thinking: Students’ are not given tests with exactly 100 questions every time. What about a student that is given a test with only 75 questions, or the student who is given a test with 150 questions? A % calculation compensates for these differences. That is one reason a percent calculation is so practical. -----------------------------------------------------

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