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"Supplement” of Mathematics in Our World - running red lights

by KARI
(MICHIGAN)









































QUESTION #6. In an ad for moisturizing lotion, the following claim is made: “. . . it’s the #1 Dermatologist recommended brand.” What is misleading about the claim (Bluman, 2005)?

MY ANSWER (SO FAR-NEED HELP-PLEASE)

I feel this claim is extremely misleading. “. . . it’s the #1 Dermatologist recommended brand” leads the reader to believe that dermatologists as a group (probably 10’s of thousands of licensed dermatologists) recommended the moisturizing lotion advertised as their top choice.

However, the reader cannot tell how many Dermatologists recommend the product because of the wording of the claim. The statement uses the word Dermatologist instead of the plural Dermatologists. Only a single Dermatologist may recommend the moisturizing lotion. If so, that Dermatologist probably works for and is paid by the advertiser, or has a financial interest in the product.

In addition, the claim does not state what does #1 actually means. #1 in comparison to what (#1 compared to not using any moisturizing cream at all, #1 in terms of the highest price, #1 in terms of the shape of the jar)? The comparison is not stated, and no scientific evidence is provided.


QUESTION # 14. “How often do you run red lights?”

I believe this question totally relies on a common technique used to manipulate survey results. In facts it knowm as or is a favorite technique used for political/government/school surveys; also used by private business.

This kind of question will (or can) usually force you or anyone as a person, to select answers from among carefully scripted choices, such as: I run red lights once per week, twice per week, more than five times per week, etc. (Just select the best choice from among those listed. If you don’t run red lights, select once per week.)

If you answer this question at all, you automatically admit you make a practice of running red lights, whether that is true or not. (Suppose you don’t have a driver’s license? Suppose you live in a rural area that does not have red lights? Suppose you always take public transportation?)

If you attempt to answer the question by providing an answer which is not one of the “approved” choices, you will probably be accused of not cooperating and may be punished in some way.

Similar questions are: “When did you stop beating your children/elderly mother/pet/etc.? “Do you want 50,000 helpless women and children to slowly die of starvation, or do you think the government should provide food? How often do you use cocaine?

Now, please re-read my instructors, from my teacher on top of this page; I undersstand most of this assignment request/I know that the assignment must include (a) all math work required to answer the problems as well as (b) introduction and conclusion paragraphs.

BUT WHAT IS THE MATH WORK? I AM LOST THERE!!

I UNDERSTAND that my introduction should include three to five sentences of general information abouthe topic at hand; I believe I did that.

I DO NOT NOT NOT AT ALL, OR understand what my teacher is asking by requesting " the body must contain a restatement of the problems and all math work, including the steps and formulas used to solve the problems ". WHAT EXACTLY DOES SHE REFERRING TO WHEN SHE IS ASKING ME, " the body must contain a restatement of the problems and all math work, including the steps and formulas used to solve the problems "... PLEASE PLEASE HELP ME-anybody!

She also says that my conclusion must comprise a summary of the problems and the reason why I selected a particular method to solve them; what particulaer method????. It would also be appropriate to include a statement as to what you learned and how you will apply the knowledge gained in this exercise to real-world situations.

Do you all think my answers to the two questions above, identify what types of misrepresentation or misuse have been demonstrated (e.g., Suspect Samples, Asking Biased Questions, Misleading Graphs, etc.).?


This question totally relies on a common technique used to manipulate survey results. In facts it knowm as
or is a favorite technique used for political/government/school surveys; also used by private business.

This kind of question will usually force you or anyone as a person, to select answers from among carefully scripted choices, such as: I run red lights once per week, twice per week, more than five times per week, etc. (Just select the best choice from among those listed. If you don’t run red lights, select once per week.)

If you answer this question at all, you automatically admit you make a practice of running red lights, whether that is true or not. (Suppose you don’t have a driver’s license? Suppose you live in a rural area that does not have red lights? Suppose you always take public transportation?)

If you attempt to answer the question by providing an answer which is not one of the “approved” choices, you will probably be accused of not cooperating and may be punished in some way.

Similar questions are: “When did you stop beating your children/elderly mother/pet/etc.? “Do you want 50,000 helpless women and children to slowly die of starvation, or do you think the government should provide food? How often do you use cocaine?

Now, here are my instructions from my teacher (again).

(I undersstand this assignment request)

The assignment must include (a) all math work required to answer the problems as well as (b) introduction and conclusion paragraphs.

(I undersstand this assignment request)

Your introduction should include three to five sentences of general information about the topic at hand.

I do not understand what my teacher is asking by requesting " the body must contain a restatement of the problems and all math work, including the steps and formulas used to solve the problems ". WHAT EXACTLY DOES SHE REFERRING TO WHEN SHE IS ASKING ME, " the body must contain a restatement of the problems and all math work, including the steps and formulas used to solve the problems "... PLEASE PLEASE HELP ME-anybody!

She also says that my conclusion must comprise a summary of the problems and the reason why I selected a particular method to solve them; what particulaer method????. It would also be appropriate to include a statement as to what you learned and how you will apply the knowledge gained in this exercise to real-world situations.

Do you all think my answers to the two questions above, identify what types of misrepresentation or misuse have been demonstrated (e.g., Suspect Samples, Asking Biased Questions, Misleading Graphs, etc.).?
















Comments for "Supplement” of Mathematics in Our World - running red lights

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Jun 24, 2012
Supplement of Mathematics in Our World
by: Staff


The answer:


I think you have answered question 14. The misrepresentation is Asking Biased Questions.

It is just a matter of ensuring your answer is in a format which meets your teacher’s criteria: Introductory and Concluding paragraphs, etc.

If this is a survey question, there is math for the poll taker to complete.

For example, the poll taker will probably draw a histogram and calculate basic statistics (such as the average, mean, median, mode, variance, standard deviation, margin of error, etc.)

As you have already pointed out, Question 14 manipulates you by accusing you of running red lights. (“How often do you run red lights?”) The survey taker wants the survey to show that people run red lights, whether they do or not.

There will be a reason for that manipulation, such as: compiling traffic statistics to provide a “scientific” basis to request a larger budget for the police department, etc.

Question 14 is not a statistically valid survey question. It is designed to threaten you and put you on the defensive so you will provide an answer the survey taker wants.


--------------------------------------------

I have found some statistical information which applies to question 1.


(1) If your browser is Firefox, click the following link to VIEW the solution; or if your browser is Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, or Safari (2A) highlight and copy the link, then (2B) paste the link into your browser Address bar & press enter:

Use the Backspace key to return to this page:

http://www.solving-math-problems.com/misleading-claim-1-mathematical-solution-four-out-of-five.html




Thanks for writing.

Staff
www.solving-math-problems.com


Jun 28, 2012
THANKS
by: KARI

Thank you... I tried, but your work shows me what I left out; I appreciate your help and assistance.

Jun 28, 2012
THANKS
by: KARI

Thank you... I tried, but your work shows me what I left out; I appreciate your help and assistance.

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